Learn about infant illnesses, symptoms of illness, and how to notice any changes in a child’s behavior. Read about the signs of illness in infants and its treatment for fever, irritability, lethargy, and other illnesses.
A behavior change is often a sign of illness in infants. If your child is sick, he may cry more or have a change in activity level.
You should bring your child to the doctor if he has any of the following symptoms:
- has a fever (for babies 3 months of age or younger)
- Crying inconsolably
- listless or limp
- experiencing convulsions (fits)
- His fontanelle, the soft spot on the top of his head, begins to swell
- It looks like he’s in pain
- Develops purple patches on his skin, or another type of rash
- pale or discolored
- He is having trouble breathing
- Refuses to breastfeed or drink from a bottle
- He seems to have trouble swallowing
- Suffers from diarrhea or vomiting
In newborns, infants, and young children three months of age or younger, fever may be the first and only sign of a serious infection. If you notice a temperature that is slightly above the normal range, get your newborn to the doctor as soon as possible. A normal temperature is 38°C (101°F) taken rectally or 37.5°C (99.5°F) taken under the armpit.
One of the first signs of illness in infants is a behavior change. Generally, if your baby is active when he wakes up, eats well, and is comforting when he cries, small differences in activity level or crying are normal. However, if your child becomes lethargic or irritable, it may be time to see a doctor. Lethargy or irritability may be signs that illness is present.
Infants who are lethargic or lethargic have little or no energy. They sleep longer than usual, and it may be difficult to wake them up to feed them. when they wake up, they feel sleepy or are lazy or dull; They are not alert and do not pay attention to visual stimuli or sounds. Lethargy or sleep can develop slowly over time, and parents may find it difficult to notice.
Lethargy may be a sign of a common infection, such as the common cold, or a serious type of infection, such as the flu or meningitis. Hibernation can be caused by heart disease or blood diseases such as thalassemia. Many other conditions can cause coma, which is usually one of the many symptoms associated with any particular condition. Therefore, if you notice that your child is lethargic, bring him to the doctor for an examination. Treatment depends on the specific condition that is causing your child to be lethargic.
Crying is a baby’s only way of communicating. Over time, babies develop different cries based on what they need: feeding, sleeping, changing a diaper, or seeking cuddles. Parents gradually learn to decode their children’s cries and respond accordingly. Parents can usually comfort their child by providing what he needs and cuddling him. However, some babies may start crying inconsolably. This may be due to a condition called colic, in which babies may cry nonstop for three hours or so each evening. Colic begins shortly after birth and may last for the first six weeks of life.
A child who becomes very agitated, frown, and fussy, with long periods of crying, maybe ill or in pain. He may also become very fidgety and agitated or start shivering. Irritability may be a sign that your child has constipation, abdominal pain, earache, or a viral or bacterial infection. Your baby’s irritation may be simply constipation, but it could be something more serious. If your child is irritable and continues to cry longer than usual, bring him to the doctor for an examination. Treatment depends on the specific condition that makes your child irritable.
It is important to realize that while fever is dangerous in newborns, it is not necessarily a bad thing if the newborn is more than three months old. Fever is the body’s way of fighting infection, so it is actually a good thing.